Bukowiec. Farmstead and park.

Bukowiec. Farmstead and park.

It is an extraordinary cultural and educational centre, located in a historic manor house in Bukowiec, in a picturesque valley at the foot of the Karkonosze Mountains, in the heart of the Valley of Palaces and Gardens. It is listed as a Historic Monument. The classicist manor and palace are surrounded by a romantic landscape park of over 120 ha.

It is one of the first and largest of its kind in Poland. It is widely regarded as a precursor work of the English Ornamental Farm idea in this part of Europe. It is an idea combining the qualities of a natural landscape with the economic function of a landed estate.

The farm has a concert hall and a multimedia exhibition about the Valley of Palaces and Gardens, which presents the cultural potential of the region. It features lithographs, photographs, films, descriptions, historical plans, models of castles, palaces and manors and the most interesting examples of sacred and regional architecture. Part of the exhibition is dedicated to the creators of Ornamental Farm - Count Friedrich von Reden and his wife Friedrich.

The former Brewery building houses a multimedia, interactive exhibition entitled 'Mysterious Forest' presenting the natural values of the Jelenia Góra Valley and the hunting traditions of the area. In the former Sheepfold building, as of the second quarter of 2019, there are 10 fully equipped art rooms and studios, including painting, sculpture, music, dance, photography, computer and nature studios. There is also a large conference and exhibition room. The former management building houses one- and two-bedroom flats with kitchenettes. One of these was used in the past by Count von Reden to manage the estate.

Historical background of the park establishment

The landscape park is undoubtedly the biggest attraction of Bukowiec. It was established at the turn of the 18th and 19th at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries by Count Friedrich von Reden, was created as the first romantic landscape in Silesia. in Silesia. To this day, it is regarded as a unique work of art, combining the qualities of a natural submontane of the natural foothills landscape with architecture and nature. The natural landscape was conducive to achieving a magnificent landscape effect: strong deforestation of the hilly surroundings, its irrigation, the nearby forest, small groves, clusters of ponds and the panorama of the Krkonoše Mountains. ponds and the panorama of the Krkonoše Mountains. Today, the park covers an area of more than 120 ha. On its territory there are 10 ponds and numerous natural rock formations. The park is the Count's tribute to his wife Friedrichka, née von Massov, for whom he ordered the following to be built to erect a pavilion with an open columned portico, later known as the Belvedere, or Temple of Athena, as well as a number of other allegorical structures enriching the space of the landscape landscape. These included: Gardener's House, Theresa's Seat, Fisherman's House, Meadow House Meadow House, the Blue House, the lookout tower, the artificial ruins of the amphitheatre and, finally, the built for the Abbey built for the family mausoleum. Count von Reden was the author of the design for the park, assisted in the design work by Hans Carl Walther, a renowned garden designer of the time, after whom one of the one of the magnificent buildings in the complex is named after him. After the death of her husband, Frederica took over the management of the estate in 1815 and for the next 39 years successfully ran the manor, overseeing the brewing of beer, the rearing of cows, sheep and fish, and the the production of linen cloth for the army. She also cultivated trees and shrubs and experimented with new types of cereals. In addition, she was a patron of the arts, kept an open salon and was friends with the most famous personalities of Prussia at the time. In 1841, she had the Wang Lake Church, purchased in southern Norway and originally intended for a museum in Berlin, transported to Karpacz.